While these operations were being carried out, the gunship, which has been constantly circling the area, reported a Viet Cong force of company size moving across the fields to the northeast. (The Washington Post, January 3, 1963; The New York Times, January 4, 1963) On January However, throughout the area, the small streams could be crossed only at certain points. 18 June 1967: Relocate to SOIRAP/VAMCO, Commence Operation CONCORDIA. military problems and report on future prospects for the war. Become a member of MRFA! Many of their large haystacks concealed bunkers. 0000001845 00000 n Become a member of MRFA! WebOn the morning of January 2, 1963, the South Vietnamese Civil Guards spearheaded the attack by marching toward Ap Tan Thoi from the south. If you are a current print subscriber, you can set up a free web account by clicking here. For the 3rd Battalion, 60th Infantry, it looked like another dry hole. Calling for artillery fire and air support, the commander attempted to maneuver his company across the stream. zoneId = 'Array'; Battle of AP Bac II, in AP Bac Hamlet, CAN/GUIOC District, Long An Province. The Americans relayed the location of the Viet Cong radio transmitter to the South Vietnamese high command, which then ordered the 7th Division to take Tan Thoi To continue reading, you will need to either log in to your subscriber account, or purchase a subscription. Farther to the north (about 30 meters) was another dike, parallel to the one behind which the dead lay. (Telegram CAP A full archive of past and present "River Currents" newsletters from your friends at MRFA. D. Wheeler, General Earle Making the experience even more memorable was the appearance of Don and Mark Saiz Chili Saizs twin brother and nephew. Sheehan, Current [5] Later Wolfe's track was directly hit for a second time by an RPG-2 rocket. Index, A Short History To have met the enemy on his own terms after so many fruitless months of seeking him, suffering daily casualties from mines and booby traps until frustrations reached a crescendo that seared the mind and bloodied the heart; to have met the enemy and destroyed him completely, provided a joy and a sense of accomplishment that caused their hearts to glow and animated each man. Those on the north had been swept by Company B earlier, and were known to be free of enemy troops. Electronic resources for U.S. foreign relations, Copyright 7th ARVN Division, on own initiative, started on 26 July the most ambitious campaign for years. The concern of fire falling in the fire support base was so great that it was decided briefly not to attack. While fighting continued, part of Festa's unit were trying to evacuate their wounded. Squad leader and event organizer Dave Persson talked of the significance of the date, calling it the very worst battle any of us saw in Vietnam., We lost one person from our platoon that day, Persson recalled. 1-307-754-2221. Cc c vn M v phi cng M cht 3 ngi v b thng 8 ngi. Wiki User. There is no question that, had the 2nd Brigade waited until dark, the enemy force, or most of it, would have slipped out. However, if the core of these units, who are irreplaceable, can be captured or killed, the efficiency of these units must begin to wane. Wheeler Mission, Mansfield Report, Comprehensive Plan, Thompson Funston. The 261st Battalion was among the best Viet Cong units in the country, a fact attributable to its fine leadership. The first true battle of the Vietnam War was Ap Bac. For text adequately report GVN victories which [1]:107, With nightfall the casualties of Company A, 4/47th Infantry were able to be evacuated, while most of the VC were able to escape through gaps in the U.S. positions. Information, United States Department of Explore a glossary of terms, manuals, statistics, historical accounts and reports, maps and articles by MRFA members. [4] Within 20 minutes of the start of the mortar attack, the Viet Cong ground assault began. Reason, increase in Viet Cong attacks on commercial shipping in Long Tau channel in early February. As they took their positions, they were hit with recoilless rifle fire and grenades. On 20 June 4/47th Infantry searched south of the ambush area locating a VC force north of the Rach Gion Ong stream at Ap Nam and assisted by a Company from the 2nd Battalion, 60th Infantry, wiped out a VC Platoon. of the Wheeler report, submitted 20-22 August 1967: MRF Conducts Recon in force into Parrots Beak area of LONG AN Province (along VAM CO DONG River above BEN LUC-also known ORIENTAL RIVER). But experience had shown that at best this was an educated guess, one that all too often had proved false. 5-17 August 1967: RSSZ operations. Early on 2 May, elements of the Wild Ones composed of Company B and Company C, 3/60th, plus the battalion command post and combat support company (less elements), moved out and arrived at the attack position with out incident. On the north and south was a line of dense coconut trees and undergrowth. Company B, 3/60th, occupied its assigned blocking position without enemy contact and, in doing so, indicated the limits of the enemys position. The troop formed into a circular (wagon train) perimeter defense. since Ap Bac the complaint has been increasingly heard that the It took a lot of guts, he wrote, on the part of those pilots and [Page 3] crews to go back into the area to Information obtained from a captured Viet Cong assessment of the battle 6th US Battalions committed. It was the first time at the reunion for both. The enemy has demonstrated time and again that merely killing his troops does us little or no good, for he is able to quickly recruit more. 20 March 1967: 3rd Bn 47th Inf arrives at Dong Tam, 4th Bn 47th Inf operates RSSZ under OpCon Div 5th Bn (M) 60th Inf 3rd Brigade. Nearly wipes out 514th Main Force Viet Cong Battalion If you're a print subscriber, but do not yet have an online account, click here to create one. Dinh Tuong province, 35 miles southwest of Saigon in the Mekong Delta. Those on the south were believed to harbor Viet Cong, and the southern platoon of Company A would attack through that area. They received their orders in December 66 and departed in January 1967. Thanks to Tornado Jones, these guys were ready, Heller said. They concluded that even more Viet Cong had died because of the existence of blood trails, indicating that dead communists had been taken away by their colleagues. Following this operation the aircraft would pass to the 3/47th for a similar operation. There was much shouting and hollering as leaders tried to find their men, ascertain their status and reorganize for the night. At least they got most of it. Harkins assessment closely paralleled that of Admiral Even though the general location of the enemy was known, the excellent camouflage and small holes customarily used by the Viet Cong made it impossible to spot exact fire positions until very close to them. Click most pictures to enlarge. Comm retrans station at RACH Kien, secure US Base midway between AO and MRB to the Joint Chiefs at the end of January, see Document 26. On the south, Company A was exchanging fire with most of the enemy defenders. [6], During the battle, resupply and medical evacuation missions continued under the direction of Lieutenant Colonel Paul F. Gorman of the 1st Infantry Division. At 23:00 the Viet Cong opened fire on the northeast section of the perimeter with a wheel-mounted .50-caliber machine gun located on the railway embankment. Shakespeare said it best: For he today that sheds his blood with me shall be my brother. Thats what these guys represent to each other. There was some delay caused by problems of coordination between the two battalions, so not until after 1700 did the battalion reach and deploy on the eastern side of the final irrigation ditch. Most of the attendees arrived the weekend of Fathers Day, and they gathered at the Irma Hotel Sunday night in Cody for a reunion dinner. By now, time had become the vital consideration, for darkness was approaching rapidly. THE BATTLE : At 07:00 on the 2nd January, 10 Shawnee Helicopters landed West of Ap Bac, dropping the first wave of the 3 Rifle Companies. [7] He adopted a conventional formation of two battalions advancing abreast, the 3rd Battalion, 60th Infantry, on the west, the 3rd Battalion, 47th Infantry on the east, with Highway 4 as a line of departure. Sheehan in which he wrote that angry United States These soldiers, infantrymen of the 3rd Battalion, 60th Infantry (the Wild Ones), and their attached mechanized support (Company C, 5th Battalion, 60th Infantry), were utterly exhausted and physically weak from their exertions. For the artillery, it was especially difficult; the tubes were so hot from continuous use that now the rounds they fired were beginning to become erratic. 7-8 September 1967: Operations in NHON TRACH against elements of 54th Viet Cong rear service group. His Company B still occupied the blocking position to the north, and was relatively fresh. Inspired by the performance of these two men (who have been recommended for the Medal of Honor), the rest of the platoon jumped up and attacked, destroying the other enemy troops in close combat. if (document.referrer) document.write ("&referer=" + escape(document.referrer)); At one point, the VC sought to overcome the advantage of US mechanization by swarming over the actual vehicles. The last battle for which two living service members received the Medal of Honor was the 1967 Battle of Ap Bac in Vietnam, a spokeswoman for the Congressional Not the animal, physical fear that had possessed them as they threw themselves, yelling and screaming, at the dug-in enemy a short time before, but fear for the safety of comrades who had fallen in the vicious assault. %PDF-1.4 % [5], The elements of B and C Troops move in from afar to assist their colleagues. 5-September 1967: Relocate to Dong Tam. 226 0 obj<>stream Battle of Ap Bac. WebThe Battle of Ap Bac, Vietnam They Did Everything But Learn From It By David M. Toczek Subject: Clear the Decks 50% - 90% OFF | General Military & Naval History | Vietnam 0000000939 00000 n It was fought in nh Tng Province (now part of Tin Giang Province), South The vehicles took up positions between A Troop's vehicles on the eastern part of the perimeter defense. Captured major caches of weapons, ammo, rice and medical supplies. he added along with the bad news of damage to helicopters and three Concurrently, the other companies of the battalion where dispersed to the east and north of the stream, with the mission of blocking any escaping enemy. Operation Concordia was an operation conducted by the U.S. At 23:10, Captain Alcala reported that firing had ended and that infrared equipment was being used to detect the communists. [7], Following the battle, General Hay wrote a propaganda letter to the 9th Vietcong Division commander, taunting him about the communist defeat. This answer is: Without further delay, the commanding officer of the 3/60th ordered the attack to go in without the artillery. Originally, our 2nd Brigade, 9th Infantry Division, had been promised two helicopter companies for the operation; however, late on the day before the operation began, one of these was withdrawn. A unit of the 1st Brigade, 9th Infantry, attached to the 1st Infantry Division, A Troop had 129 men, six M48 tanks, twenty M113 armored personnel carriers (APCs), and three 4.2-inch mortar carriers. 16 February 1967: 2nd Bde puts one battalion into RSSZ, working with advance party of TF-117. Anything and everything that couldn't fit in any of the other categories. (Attached ibid.) Heaviest casualties to date Co-A-4th-47th takes The entire crew was wounded and evacuated. Jump to navigation Jump to search. The attacking force was stopped within 15m of the perimeter. 10 January 1967: 2nd Bde departed Oakland, CA. At the brigade commanders suggestion, it was decided to lay a heavy volume of smoke on the area, using a battery of 155-mm. Harry D. Felt, Commander in The MRFA is launching our Historical Data Project (HDP), featuring as much MRF TF-117 data as possible. Vietnamese forces, and concluded: It also hurts here when irresponsible 13-17 June 1967: Operations in southern NHOM TRACH, including attach I-10 Headquarters. distorted both the importance of the action and the damage suffered by "We few, we happy few, we band of brothers, For he today that sheds his blood with me, shall be my brother." February 1966: 2nd Bde Activated Fort Riley, KS. This killed the communists, but in one case, Viet Cong mortar hit simultaneously, blowing up the APC, killing one and injuring many others. Forces from the 5th Cavalry Regiment were entrusted with the securing of Fire Support Base 20, around 1.5km north of the village of Bu Bng, and they had expected an attack, as their area was a known communist stronghold. Shortly after it moved into position, a six-man Viet Cong force was engaged. We had great food, great company; it was just wonderful. Unit awards, medals and ribbons, and information on applying for and obtaining your medals and ribbons. This attack broke the back of the enemys defense. attack. An assessment done in the Department of State on January 15 of the US/GVN forces. Explore artwork by members, and read historical articles and books. There are consequences.. The battalion commander of the 3/60th Infantry intended to move his unit forward by stages before making the final assault. on the battle prepared on January 4 by General Paul D. Harkins, Commander of the U.S. Cong battalion inflicted heavy casualties on the government forces and //]]>-->, Alpha Company walked into a batallion-sized ambush, said Powell resident and Army veteran Jim Heller. One thing that we found out over there, and what we didnt realize until years later, was what a friend was, he said. On the north, the mechanized company moved forward at about ten miles an hour in a general line, while hosing down the countryside with .50 caliber-fire. September 1966: 1st Coronado Conference, 9th Infantry Division 'https://powellbanners.creativecirclemedia.com/www/delivery/ajs.php':'http://powellbanners.creativecirclemedia.com/www/delivery/ajs.php'); Department of State, U.S. As the men worked their way toward the enemy, they were forced to crawl over the dead of the other unit. Battle of AP Bac II, in AP Bac Hamlet, CAN/GUIOC District, Long An Province. Sheehan article published that day which indicated that the South Moving aggressively, the company closed on the enemy, killed several and forced the others to flee to the north. The men were in Park County earlier this month to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Battle of Ap Bac. Then when the fire lifted to the rear of the enemy, to block his escape positions, the infantry would assault before the enemy could recover. [7] The original English was, This is to advise you that during the battle of Ap Bau Bang on 20 March the Regimental Commander of Q763 (273d Regiment) and his Battalion Commanders disgraced themselves by performing in an un-soldierly manner. (SACSA Briefing, April 24; Department of Alcala sent his 2nd Platoon commanded by First Lieutenant Harlan E. Short to establish an ambush along the trail at a point 1.5km north of the fire support base and approximately 350 meters west of Route 13. Initially, they swarmed over the American armored vehicles, but were dispersed by the vehicles shooting on one another, although some of the vehicles were destroyed. Learn about the association, Board Members, Officers, and download a membership application form! In front of it stretched some 1,500 meters of open rice fields that were cut at 500-meter intervals by two irrigation ditches, the last of which was some 500 to 600 meters from the enemys position. Its what happens, unfortunately, Heller said. Chief, Pacific, who sought to put the battle into perspective in Several personnel carriers were hit and several troops killed and wounded. All was in readiness when, suddenly, the last strafing aircraft wobbled and sprayed the line of tracked vehicles with its 20-mm. Country Series, 1/63) Lieutenant Colonel John P. Vann, senior United b. Parrots Beak was 71 KM (water distance) and 43 KM (straight-line) from While these deployments were being made, the 3/47th continued to alternate intense artillery fire and air strikes the enemy position, thus effectively preventing most of them from escaping. Unit awards, medals and ribbons, and information on applying for and obtaining your medals and ribbons. However, overall enemy losses had been more than 200 men. Military Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. They also gathered to renew and refresh the bond they share with one another as a true band of brothers, one that began for many of them during basic training. 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