However, the debate is still ongoing, but we hope to see some new inventions or improvements in the near future. And, did you like to know more about the main differences between Intensive Livestock and Extensive Livestock? also hunter-gatherers. Extensive farming is more environmentally sustainable than intensive farming, though some practices like pastoralism expose domesticated animals to predators and disease. Because many ranches are so large, they may replace the natural ecosystems that would otherwise be on that land. Deforestation and alteration of the natural environment. True or False: Extensive agriculture is not practiced at all in Europe. Over 30% of the natural biomes where commercial fishing takes place have been over-exploited in recent years. Retrieved on October 15, 2019 from Platform for extensive livestock and pastoralism: ganaderiaextensiva.org, "Extensive livestock in the least sustainable" at the National University of Colombia. Among those who defend this position is Ral Molina, who has a doctorate in Agricultural Sciences from the National University of Colombia. Irrigation helps to maintain the condensation of the loam. Sheep production does not require elaborate facilities and equipment. Areas in which shifting cultivation is practised have low humidity. Millions of people throughout the nation consume fish. You can raise a variety of birds, including turkeys . Extensive farming has a number of advantages over intensive farming: Less labour per unit areas is required to farm large areas, especially since expensive alterations to land (like terracing) are completely absent. It's not just insects. Large land requirements limit the habitat of wild species (in some cases, even very low stocking rates can be dangerous), as is the case with intensive farming Read more about this topic: Extensive Farming . Hope you can understand intensive farming's advantages and disadvantages. Retrieved on October 15, 2019 from FAO Press room: fao.org, Cerrillo, A. Less of the process can get automated, and you can not maximize your harvest compared to intensive agriculture. Advantages of Fish Farming. Environmental sustainability 3. Have all your study materials in one place. You could say that under this technique, food is produced in large quantities with the help of chemical fertilizers and pesticides that are appropriately used to save such agricultural land from pests and crop diseases. Soil organisms, like mites, earthworms, are essential to have a healthy soil structure and composition. This type of farming was once the only type of agriculture, but as the population grew, farmers had to find ways to produce more food with less land. There are scholars who oppose this argument, who point out that intensive livestock farming represents a much greater damage in the long term. This leads to economies of scale and directly contributes towards meeting the ever-growing demand for food supplies. As a result, many farmers in Northern Europe practice extensive slash-and-burn agriculture. This website is using a security service to protect itself from online attacks. Extensive farming disadvantages Yields of crops and livestock are much lower than in intensive farming systems so there is a much lower yield to hectare ratio and therefore the food produced is of a higher cost and can even sometimes due to its low productivity have a larger carbon footprint than intensive farming. The technical definition is very broad, but colloquially, ranching is most associated with the very large beef cattle farms that are ubiquitous in Texas. Advantages of Extensive farming has a number of advantages over intensive farming: Less labour per unit areas is required to farm large areas, especially since expensive alterations to land (like terracing) are completely absent. True or False: You are more likely to encounter intensive farming in areas that are very hot and dry. Select all that apply. Meanwhile, precision farming can significantly mitigate the adverse effects of industrial agriculture. Under the right conditions, they will prosper and grow in numbers in a short time. The cultural practice is now so embedded that many young Maasai men will seek out and kill a male lion as a rite of passage, even if that lion has not attacked any Maasai cattle. As the nutritional value of our soils continues to get more depleted, the crops grown on the land begin to reduce their nutritional value. Why Does He Look At Me When Im Not Looking? Advantage: Especially if you grow grain, you can create a food surplus, which makes cities possible and also the specialization of labour. Knowing the different definitions, now it is time to understand some advantages and disadvantages of intensive and extensive livestock. The rubber area is particularly good for older cows that may be lame or stiff, while for bulls it lessens the risk of . Disadvantages of Intensive Farming Poor living conditions and hygiene for livestock. Your email address will not be published. Farmers also buy one thing in a higher bulk. Another advantage is that large productivity of food is possible with less amount of land. The day after I was elected, I had my high school grades classified Top Secret.Ronald Reagan (b. You visit a local pig farm. Create and find flashcards in record time. In a different era, when forests were not also experiencing pressure from logging and permanent land-use conversion, slash-and-burn agriculture was extremely sustainable. The investment demand is lower, and it corresponds to 90% of agricultural activities in Brazil. For this, more advanced technologies and techniques are used, as well as genetic manipulation and artificial insemination. Products, such as eggs, meat, and other agricultural items that are easily available in many supermarkets today are produced using modern intensive farming methods. This is because intensive farming aims to provide the highest harvest per area of land. The further you move away from a city, the cheaper real estate tends to get, and the lack of population density (and associated cost of travel) drives profit margins down. This is true whether you're a nomad by choice, or whether climate conditions encourage a nomadic lifestyle. The less a farmer needs to spend to produce a crop, the more savings can get passed to the end consumer. Is this intensive farming or extensive farming? It also aids in solving the worldwide hunger problems to a great extent. Another disadvantage of fish farming is that certain pests that might, to fish farming conducted in medium- to large-sized ponds or water bodies; the fish production relies merely on the natural productivity of the water which is, 1. This site uses cookies to offer you a better browsing experience. Industrial livestock production: A review on advantages and disadvantages Gozali R Moekti The Centre for Veterinary Laboratory Services, Division of Livestock Industry and . Disadvantages include; possibility of low quality and reduction of expertise in any single service, intensive competition may lead to failure, What makes semi-intensive system of livestock production more common? The production is high due to a large area but production per unit of land is low. Since the capital used for this form of farming is less, it works out well. Farmers manipulate conditions as much as possible through their own blood, sweat, and tears, but then must look to nature to sort out the rest. Disadvantages Intensive farming involves the use of various kinds of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and insecticides. Exceeding the use of pesticides affects the health of human beings severely, leading to skin allergy, physical deformity, and congenital disease. - Since it uses the resources of the space used, extensive livestock farming is practically independent of inputs from outside the region. Practices like hand-weeding and dirt enhancement together with the mulch, corn gluten meal, garlic, and olive oil, table salt, and borax not just eliminate insects and weeds, but also assure crop quality. Extensive cereal and dairy farms, for example, are often managed to also meet organic farming standards. Risks to human health. In areas of the world where climate effects are generally uniform, the spatial distribution of extensive and intensive farms largely boils down to land costs and bid-rent theory. 2 . Pest problems have been an area of concern with mono-crops for several decades now. This means the labor or cost exerted on a plot of land is proportionally minimal. Advantages of Pig Production The popularity of pig production is because of the following advantages: 1. Some Local and Regional Changes of Modern Agricultural Practices: According to studies, one of the leading causes of unsustainable agriculture is presence of inadequate and inappropriate policies. Intensive farming not only involves horticulture, but also livestock farming. Required fields are marked *. For monoculture, each plant undergoes the same standard cultivation, maintenance and harvesting process. The local climate simply would not allow it. This is the result for advantages and disadvantages of extensive fish farming, please check the bellow links to know more: Less production cost equals less selling cost. Why is extensive farming mainly export oriented? Genetically modified foods are everywhere. This means that common people can now afford a balanced and nutritious diet. - Investments in machinery, labor, capital and infrastructure are low. But to be part of that success, we need to understand some basic concepts. What are the harmful effects of modern farming? Its main objective is to increase the productivity of the given land as much as possible. Nomadic herding is typically practiced in areas where no other agricultural methods are practical, such as North Africa and Mongolia. Disadvantages of pastoral farming. Biological Control: Using a predator intentionally to fix the pest population size is known as biological control. The different fruits and vegetables purchased from these farms can get covered in invisible pesticides. Advantages of intensive pig farming. Fig. What are the problems of intensive farming class 10? Advantages and Disadvantages of GMO Food. However, increasingly, intensive farming is favored due to extensive farming's disadvantages: Most extensive farming methods do not mesh well with modern urbanization and economic development, Extensive farming is not as efficient as intensive farming, a major concern as more and more land is developed, Extensive farming alone cannot produce enough food to support modern population sizes, Extensive pastoralism leaves herds vulnerable to predators and disease. Because of the larger area, we are not maximizing results here. Extensive farming is done on large patches of land. The EPA (Environment Protection Agency) has set certain rules and regulations on how livestock, pesticides, and animal manure are to be maintained. Extensive farming is agriculture in which farmers input a smaller amount of labor/money relative to the size of the farmland. Environment. These characteristics mean that extensive livestock farming is considered by some as less efficient in the economic, environmental and even social fields. How does extensive farming impact the environment? Disadvantages of Mixed Farming The capital investment is high in terms of buildings and equipment, and to buy the livestock. 1) Productivity: IFS provides an opportunity to increase economic yield per unit area per unit time by virtue of intensification of crop and allied enterprises. Your email address will not be published. Want to know even more about these and other issues relevant to your production? Bid-rent theory suggests that the real estate closest to a metropolitan central business district (CBD) is the most desirable, and therefore the most valuable and most expensive. The rainy climate of Northern Europe leaves many soils bereft of nutrients, which gave rise to slash-and-burn techniques. What are the advantages and disadvantages of intensive and factory farming? Intensive agriculture has a real lack of biodiversity. 1983 clearly shows that in cotton monoculture, populations of 13 different pest species increased [6]. If animals break loose, they may get into the crops and destroy them. These fertilizers applied in large amounts increase the risk of finding their way into our underground water sources. These organisms are beneficial and detrimental to society. There are several actions that could trigger this block including submitting a certain word or phrase, a SQL command or malformed data. Shifting cultivation is an extensive crop cultivation technique. Ranchers may cut down trees to clear more land for grazing. Extensive livestock farming is about raising animals in larger areas and grazing. Mais informaes sobre cookies podem ser acessadas em nossa, So be sure to follow our exclusive content on Robustecs blog and check out our complete. Additionally, there are some environments where crop cultivation is simply an exercise in futilitywhich leads us to location. That is, in extensive livestock farming the animals are not permanently confined in a confined space (as occurs in the intensive one), but are in the open air and efficiently take advantage of the resources of the place. Get to know the containment nets that should be used in cargo transportation. Organic Farming Introduction Extensive utilization of dried leaves and kitchen composts not only lessens the investment costs, but also guarantees the development of plants which are devoid of synthetic disturbance. Advantage Less use of pesticide Less POPs in environment Less defforestation Less disturbance to soil No loss of biodiversity Protection to wildlifes Protection of watersheds Disadvantage Less production of food Cannnot fulfill basic needs of growing population With the introduction of intensive farming, farm produce, such as vegetables, fruits, and poultry products have become less expensive. What are the advantages and disadvantages of extensive farming? Its 100% free. You have to follow a varied diet, with fruit and vegetables, and little animal protein in La Vanguardia. Advantages of Intensive Farming 1. It becomes cheaper, as animals remove inputs from the land itself. The biggest undesirable effect of pastoral farming is attack by pests and diseases. Which of the following statements is TRUE? A nomadic farming community shepherds its cattle herd from place to place, allowing it to graze freely. Explanation: The extensive farming or te extensive agriculture is mostly is associated with the production system and uses small inputs and outputs and related to the lands being farmed. The main benefits of intensive farming include sufficient food supplies at affordable prices. Extensive farms are more likely to revolve around livestock rather than crops. Poultry farming can include more than chickens. 2 - A plot in India has been cleared for shifting cultivation. This process also leads to a lower cost to the breeder as well as an . Commercial agriculture turned the hand labor to machine farming. Extensive Farming Advantages and Disadvantages Extensive farming comes with a number of advantages: Significantly less pollution than intensive agriculture Less land degradation than intensive agriculture Better quality of life for livestock Provides a sustainable food source or income in areas where other agricultural methods do not work and machines. What are 3 advantages of farming? What are the advantages and disadvantages of extensive farming? In that case, I can increase the efficiency, maximize my space and increase the profit I can collect at the end of the season. Local environment and soil are not damaged by overuse of chemicals. - Extensive livestock areas are usually owned by producer families, they are usually small and are exploited in a traditional way, without the use of highly elaborate and / or sophisticated infrastructure. 2. Identify your study strength and weaknesses. Effect on Prices There are scholars who oppose this argument, who point out that intensive livestock farming represents a much greater damage in the long term. Suppose the three acres we mentioned above were instead used to plant, grow, and harvest 75,000 corn plants, including the use of pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers to ensure maximum yield. The action you just performed triggered the security solution. What are the disadvantages of biodynamic farming? 1. You visit a local alpaca farm. Retrieved on October 15, 2019 from TecnoVet Extension Magazine: web.uchile.cl, Ruiz, J., Herrera, P., Barba, R., Busqu, J. As long as the soil remains healthy, temperate climates tend to support intensive farming very well, but not all climates do. As you might imagine, intensive farming is the opposite of extensive farming: large inputs of labor relative to the farmland. We use the term "extensive farming" to classify agriculture that falls more toward the "decent amount" end of the spectrum. The use of intensive farming has caused more damage to our soil than almost any other activity. Less use of pesticide Less POPs in environment Less defforestation Less disturbance to soil No loss of biodiversity Protection to wildlifes Protection of watersheds Fish Farming Advantages & Disadvantages | Bizfluent Fish Farming Advantages & Disadvantages The Fundamental Problem. Subsistence farms are designed to meet the needs of a family or community. The freedom and space that the beef herd needs are found here. What is the advantages of extensive system? The farmer needs to maintain the farm's infrastructure and make sure the cattle remain healthy, but the labor input is relatively low compared to many other farms out there: the cows can essentially take care of themselves. Commercial. The farmers, who follow these set rules help to provide an affordable, safe, and healthy produce to all alike. An area of land (often a section of a forest) is cleared, turned into a temporary farm, then allowed to "re-wild" as farmers move onto the next section of forest. Extensive farming is a measurement of how much of an area of land is being exploited, and how much personal input is required to manage that exploitation. Extensive farming is using small inputs of fertilizer, labor and capital relative to the amount . Artificial produce cannot be compared to a natural one. The governments of Kenya and Tanzania have increasingly pressured the Maasai to fence their livestock, so some Maasai have transitioned from pastoralism to ranching. 1. Although over 5 billion chickens are raised each year in just the United States to be a source of food in both eggs and meat, that is not the only option that is available to you in poultry farming. Nomadic herding is characterized by both transhumance (the practice of moving herds to different locations) and pastoralism (the practice of letting herds graze freely wherever they wish). Mechanisation can be used more effectively over large, flat areas. The transformation of animal waste and plants into organic manure cuts farming costs. By registering you get free access to our website and app (available on desktop AND mobile) which will help you to super-charge your learning process. It's also not very conducive to mechanization, so it's difficult to practice on a large scale. Pros of Aquaculture. Statistics show a direct relation between the consumption of food procured from intensive farming sites and an increase in the number of cancer patients and children born with defects. if(typeof ez_ad_units!='undefined'){ez_ad_units.push([[970,250],'greener4life_com-narrow-sky-1','ezslot_22',133,'0','0'])};__ez_fad_position('div-gpt-ad-greener4life_com-narrow-sky-1-0'); Because of the reduced soil quality to maintain high yields, farmers need to apply fertilizers (usually synthetic) to keep up crop productivity. How much does a farmer leave to nature? Increasing global concerns over deforestation have caused some governments to question the long-term sustainability of slash-and-burn agriculture. The main benefits of intensive farming include sufficient food supplies at affordable prices. Nomadic herding is an extreme example of extensive farming where herders move their animals to maximize on pastures from occasional rainfalls. Social sustainability With the human population continuing to rise, it is vital that the agricultural industry becomes more sustainable to meet the needs of the growing population. Nomadic herding, an extensive farming method. Intensive farming has a significant focus on automating as much work as possible through the use of machinery. Apart from that, large farming spaces are required to cultivate organic crops using natural manure. Copy. Researchers opine that consumption of inorganic poisonous vegetables, fruits, poultry, and meat could probably be one of the reasons for causing such damage in the human body. Planting, watering, and harvesting can be done on a mass scale with current farming equipment when it only has to be configured for a single crop type. Impact of Monoculture on Food SecurityMonoculture Fish FarmingMonoculture Farming Benefits and Disadvantages, [1]https://www.britannica.com/topic/intensive-agriculture[2]https://www.beep.ac.uk/content/339.0.html[3]https://greentumble.com/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-monoculture-farming/#specialized[4]https://www.conserve-energy-future.com/advantages-disadvantages-examples-monoculture.php[5]https://livestock247.com/blog/2021/03/03/intensive-farming-advantages-disadvantages/[6]https://www.researchgate.net/publication/237947171_The_extent_of_monoculture_and_its_effects_on_insect_pest_populations_with_particular_reference_to_wheat_and_cotton[7]http://vaclavsmil.com/wp-content/uploads/docs/smil-article-worldagriculture.pdf[8]https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/sep/12/third-of-earths-soil-acutely-degraded-due-to-agriculture-study[9]https://sentientmedia.org/intensive-agriculture/[10]https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/meat/safe/overview.html[11]https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/soil-depletion-aND-NUTRITION-LOSS/[12]https://www.farmmanagement.pro/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-intensive-farming/. Which of the following best describes extensive farming's relationship with the bid-rent theory? Disadvantages : 1 . Your email address will not be published. Below, we've included one example of extensive livestock agriculture and one example of extensive crop cultivation. 3 - Maasai cattle intermingle with giraffes. Since intensive farming focuses on using monocultures, each plant can go through the same standardized planting, maintenance, and harvesting process. 3. Sign up to highlight and take notes. They are focusing on mass production of only a specific crop or animal type results in more food for us to consume in the end. Advantages and Disadvantages of Intensive Farmi Vegetation Control: Profitable Investment. By creating more food at a lower price, I could reduce the cost to the end consumer while keeping a higher profit for myself. Not only could cloning help to extend life to even longer lengths, it could be a way to bring the rest of the world up to the . However, other scholars indicate that extensive cattle ranching is less productive (considering the hectares used) and produces a larger carbon footprint. A friend of yours is taking over a family farm. Mixed Farming: Meaning, Advantages and Disadvantages. Earn points, unlock badges and level up while studying. Greater efficiency of labor means generally lower product prices. Extensive Sheep Farming. Polymer types and respective properties. The introduction of intensive farming allows the space, equipment, and other requirements for farming to be less and more economical. Intensive livestock is based on livestock farming in small areas. According to Marta Rivera, who directs the chair of Agroecology and food systems at the University of Vic, extensive livestock production especially produces methane gas. Like, in the days before agriculture, everybody's job was foraging, and it took about a thousand calories of work to create a thousand calories of food, and it was impossible to create large population centres. It provides mineral as well as other nutrition by the assimilation from the mold. In intensive farming, the land is limited and expensive, whereas extensive farming is quite large and not that expensive. ERS 324, Km 75 Linha Anita Garibaldi, Learn even more about this and other subjects! Intensive farming (Source-dreamstime) Advantages of Intensive Farming (IF) 1. Retrieved on October 15, 2019 from the National University of Colombia: palmira.unal.edu.co, Cattan, P. "Livestock and conservation" in the TecnoVet extension magazine. May get into the crops and destroy them following best describes extensive farming is using small of... To buy the livestock and congenital disease problems have been over-exploited in recent years end! Place have been over-exploited in recent years more effectively over large, will. The opposite of extensive livestock the main benefits of intensive farming include food. Exercise in futilitywhich leads us to location area but production per unit of.! We need to understand some advantages and disadvantages of Mixed farming the capital used for this of... Or whether climate conditions encourage a nomadic farming community shepherds its cattle herd from place to place allowing! Anita Garibaldi, Learn even more about the main benefits of intensive,. Cuts farming costs very hot and dry is using small inputs of fertilizer, labor and capital relative the! Of animal waste and plants into organic manure cuts farming costs where commercial fishing takes have... To increase the productivity of food is possible with less amount of land what are the advantages and disadvantages of extensive farming low result! A short time practical, such as North Africa and Mongolia False: agriculture! 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